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There have been at least 200 breaches of more than 500 records reported since January and 2019 looks set to be another record-breaking year for healthcare data breaches.
The continued increase in data breaches prompted Kaspersky Lab to conduct a survey to find out more about the state of cybersecurity in healthcare. Kaspersky Lab has now published the second part of its report from the survey of 1,758 healthcare professionals in the United States and Canada.
The study provides valuable insights into why so many cyberattacks are succeeding. Almost a third of surveyed healthcare employees (32%) said they have never received cybersecurity training in the workplace.
Security awareness training for employees is essential. Without training, employees are likely to be unaware of some of the cyber threats that they will encounter on a daily basis. Employees must be trained how to identify phishing emails and told of the correct response when a threat is discovered. The failure to provide training is a violation of HIPAA.
Even when training is provided, it is often insufficient. 11% of respondents said they received cybersecurity training when they started work but had not received any training since. 38% of employees said they were given cybersecurity training each year, and a fifth (19%) of healthcare employees said they had been provided with cybersecurity training but did not feel they had been trained enough.
32% of respondents said they had been provided with a copy of their organization’s cybersecurity policy but had only read it once and 1 in 10 managers were not aware if their company had a cybersecurity policy. 40% of healthcare workers in the United States were unaware of the cybersecurity measures protecting IT devices at their organization.
Training on HIPAA also appears to be lacking. Kaspersky Lab found significant gaps in employees’ knowledge of regulatory requirements. For instance, 18% of respondents were unaware what the Security Rule meant and only 29% of respondents were able to identify the correct meaning of the HIPAA Security Rule.
Kaspersky Lab researchers recommend hiring a skilled IT team that understands the unique risks faced by healthcare organizations and has knowledge of the tools that are required to keep protected health information safe and secure.
It is also essential to address data security and regulatory knowledge gaps. IT security leaders must ensure that every member of the workforce receives regular cybersecurity training and is fully aware of the requirements of HIPAA.
It is also important to conduct regular assessments of security defenses and compliance. Companies that fail to regularly check their cyber pulse can identify and address vulnerabilities before they are exploited by hackers and cause a costly data breach.