April 2022 Healthcare Data Breach Report

After four successive months of declining numbers of data breaches, there was a 30.2% increase in reported data breaches. In April 2022, 56 data breaches of 500 or more records were reported to the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office for Civil Rights (OCR).

Healthcare data breaches in the past 12 months (April 2022)

While the number of reported breaches increased month-over-month, the number of healthcare records that were exposed or impermissibly disclosed decreased by 30% to 2,160,194 – the lowest monthly number since October 2021. The average breach size in April 2022 was 38,575 records, and the median breach size was 6,546 records.

Breached healthcare records in the past 12 months (April 2022)

Largest Healthcare Data Breaches in April 2022

22 healthcare data breaches were reported in April 2022 that affected 10,000 or more individuals. The worst breach was a hacking incident reported by Adaptive Health Integrations, a provider of software and billing/revenue services to laboratories, physician offices, and other healthcare companies. More than half a million healthcare individuals were affected.  The Arkansas healthcare provider ARcare suffered a malware attack that disrupted its systems and potentially allowed hackers to access the records of 345,353 individuals. Refuah Health Center reported a hacking and data theft incident in April, which had occurred almost a year previously in May 2021 and affected up to 260,740 patients.

Illinois Gastroenterology Group, PLLC reported a hacking incident where the attackers had access to the records of 227,943 individuals, and Regional Eye Associates, Inc. & Surgical Eye Center of Morgantown were affected by a data breach at the cloud-EHR vendor Eye Care Leaders (ECL), which exposed the records of 194,035 individuals. The ECL cyberattack saw the attackers delete databases and system configuration files of one of its cloud services. The cyberattack affected close to a dozen eye care providers and resulted in the exposure of more than 342,000 records.

Name of Covered Entity State Covered Entity Type Individuals Affected Cause of Breach
Adaptive Health Integrations ND Healthcare Provider 510,574 Hacking incident with potential data theft
ARcare AR Healthcare Provider 345,353 Malware infection
Refuah Health Center NY Healthcare Provider 260,740 Hacking incident and data theft incident
Illinois Gastroenterology Group, PLLC IL Healthcare Provider 227,943 Hacking incident with potential data theft
Regional Eye Associates, Inc. & Surgical Eye Center of Morgantown WV Healthcare Provider 194,035 Hacking incident at EHR provider
Healthplex, Inc. NY Health Plan 89,955 Email account breach
Optima Dermatology Holdings, LLC NH Healthcare Provider 59,872 Unspecified email incident
SUMMIT EYE ASSOCIATES P.C. TN Healthcare Provider 53,818 Hacking incident at EHR provider
Newman Regional Health KS Healthcare Provider 52,224 Email account breach
WellStar Health System, Inc. GA Healthcare Provider 30,417 WellStar Health System
Central Vermont Eye Care VT Healthcare Provider 30,000 Unspecified hacking incident
Frank Eye Center, P.A. KS Healthcare Provider 26,333 Hacking incident at EHR provider
New Creation Counseling Center OH Healthcare Provider 24,029 Ransomware attack
Georgia Pines CSB GA Healthcare Provider 24,000 Theft of laptop computers
The Guidance Center, Inc. AZ Healthcare Provider 23,104 Email account breach
Allied Eye Physicians and Surgeons, Inc. OH Healthcare Provider 20,651 Hacking incident at EHR provider
King County Public Hospital District No. 2 d/b/a EvergreenHealth WA Healthcare Provider 20,533 Hacking incident at EHR provider
Onehome Health Solutions FL Healthcare Provider 15,401 Theft of laptop computers
Southern Ohio Medical Center OH Healthcare Provider 15,136 Hacking incident with potential data theft
Arkfeld, Parson, and Goldstein, P.C. doing business as ilumin NE Healthcare Provider 14,984 Hacking incident at EHR provider
Pediatric Associates, P.C. VA Healthcare Provider 13,000 Hacking incident at EHR provider
Fairfield County Implants and Periodontics, LLC CT Healthcare Provider 10,502 Email account breach

Causes of April 2022 Healthcare Data Breaches

Hacking and IT incidents accounted for 73.2% of the healthcare data breaches reported in April 2022 and 97.1% of the month’s breached healthcare records. 2,098,390 individuals were affected by those hacking incidents and may have had their protected health information stolen. The average breach size was 51,180 records and the median breach size was 9,969 records. 16 of the hacking incidents involved unauthorized individuals gaining access to employee email accounts, and there were 7 breaches of electronic health records, due to the hacking incident at the EHR vendor Eye Care Leaders.

causes of April 2022 healthcare data breaches


There were just breaches reported as unauthorized access/disclosure incidents which involved a total of 20,391 records. The average breach size was 1,854 records and the median breach size was 820 records. There were two theft incidents reported involving laptop computers and one loss incident involving an ‘other portable electronic device’. Across the three loss/theft incidents, the records of 40,298 individuals were potentially compromised. All three breaches could have been prevented if data had been encrypted. There was also one improper disposal incident reported, involving 1,115 paper records.

Location of breached protected health information (April 2022)

Healthcare Data Breaches by Covered Entity Type

Healthcare providers were the worst affected HIPAA-covered entity, with 39 reporting breaches in April. 7 data breaches were reported by health plans, and 10 data breaches were reported by business associates. However, a further 17 data breaches occurred at business associates but were reported by the respective covered entity. The chart below shows the month’s data breaches adjusted to reflect where the breaches occurred.

Healthcare Data Breaches by Covered Entity Type (April 2022)

Healthcare Data Breaches by State

In April 2022, HIPAA-regulated entities in 26 states reported breaches. New York and Ohio were the worst affected states in April, with 7 & 6 data breaches reported respectively.

State Number of Data Breaches
New York 7
Ohio 6
California 4
Arizona, Georgia, Kansas, Michigan, Tennessee, & Virginia 3
Florida, Maryland, North Carolina & New Hampshire 2
Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Nebraska, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Utah, Vermont, Washington & West Virginia 1

HIPAA Enforcement Activity in April 2022

There were no HIPAA enforcement activities announced by the HHS’ Office for Civil Rights or State Attorneys General in April 2022. So far this year, 4 financial penalties have been imposed to resolve HIPAA violations.

Author: Steve Alder has many years of experience as a journalist, and comes from a background in market research. He is a specialist on legal and regulatory affairs, and has several years of experience writing about HIPAA. Steve holds a B.Sc. from the University of Liverpool.