HIPAA Compliance for Email
HIPAA Compliance for Email
Are Emails HIPAA Compliant?
HIPAA compliance for email has been a hotly debated topic since changes were enacted in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in 2013. Of particular relevance is the language of the HIPAA Security Rule; which, although not expressly prohibiting the use of email to communicate PHI, introduces a number of requirements before email communications can be considered to be HIPAA compliant(*).
The requirements for access controls, audit controls, integrity controls, ID authentication, and transmission security have to be fulfilled in order to:
- Restrict access to PHI
- Monitor how PHI is communicated
- Ensure the integrity of PHI at rest
- Ensure 100% message accountability, and
- Protect PHI from unauthorized access during transit
Some HIPAA covered entities have put forward the argument that encryption is sufficient to ensure HIPAA compliance for email. However, encryption alone does not fulfill the audit control requirement of monitoring how PHI is communicated or the ID authentication requirement to ensure message accountability.
Furthermore, some required functions – such as the creation of an audit trail and preventing the improper modification of PHI – are complex to resolve. So, although emails can be HIPAA compliant, it requires significant IT resources and a continuing monitoring process to ensure that authorized users are communicating PHI in adherence with policies for HIPAA compliance for email.
(*) HIPAA compliance for email is not always necessary if a covered entity has an internal email network protected by an appropriate firewall.
How Secure Messaging Resolves Issues with HIPAA Compliance for Email
Secure messaging is an appropriate substitute for emails as it fulfills all the requirements of the HIPAA Security Rule without sacrificing the speed and convenience of mobile technology. The solution to HIPAA compliance for email uses secure messaging apps that can be downloaded onto any desktop computer or mobile device.
Authorized users have to log into the apps using a unique, centrally-issued username and PIN number that then allows their activity to be monitored and audit trails created. All messages containing PHI are encrypted, while security mechanisms exist to ensure that PHI cannot be sent outside of an organization´s network of authorized users.
Administrative controls prevent unauthorized access to PHI by assigning messages with “message lifespans”, forcing automatic logoffs when an app has not been used for a predetermined period of time, and allowing the remote deletion of messages from a user´s device if the device is lost, stolen or otherwise disposed of.
The Benefits of Secure Messaging
The primary benefit of secure messaging when compared to email is the speed at which people respond to text messages. Studies have determined that 90% of people read a text message within three minutes of receiving it, whereas almost a quarter of emails remain unopened for forty-eight hours.
The communications cycle is further accelerated by the mechanisms to enforce message accountability. These significantly reduce phone tag, allowing employees more time to attend to their duties. In a healthcare environment, this means less time waiting by a phone and more time providing healthcare for patients.
This acceleration of the communications cycle also reduces the time it takes to admit or discharge a patient, how long it takes for prescription errors to be resolved, and the length of time it may take for invoices to get paid. Ultimately, secure messaging is a lot more effective than email, and less trouble to implement than resolving HIPAA compliance for email.
Encrypted Email Archiving for PHI
Inasmuch as the implementation of a secure messaging solution is an appropriate alternative to email, covered entities are required to retain past communications containing PHI for a period of six years. Depending on the size of the covered entity, and the volume of emails that have been sent and received during this period, the retention of PHI can create a storage issue for many organizations. The solution to this potential problem is encrypted email archiving for PHI.
Vendors providing an email archiving service are regarded as Business Associates, and have to adhere to the same requirements of the HIPAA Security Rule as covered entities. Therefore, their service has to have access controls, audit controls, integrity controls, and ID authentication in order to ensure the integrity of PHI. In order to comply with the requirement for transmission security, all emails to be archived are encrypted at source before being send to the services providers secure storage facility.
The biggest advantage of encrypted email archiving for PHI is that, as the emails and their attachments are being encrypted, the content of each email is indexed. This makes for easy retrieval should a covered entity need to access an email quickly to comply with an audit request or to advance discovery. Other advantages include the releasing of storage space on a covered entities servers and that encrypted email arching for PHI can be used as part of a disaster recovery plan.
Read our HIPAA Compliance Guide
If you would like to know more about alternatives to HIPAA compliance for email, you are invited to download and read our “HIPAA Compliance Guide” – a comprehensive white paper that elaborates on the requirements of the HIPAA Security Rule and how they can be overcome with the implementation of secure messaging.