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Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey has issued a $75,000 HIPAA violation fine to McLean Hospital over a 2015 data breach that exposed the protected health information (PHI) of approximately 1,500 patients.
McLean Hospital, a psychiatric hospital in Belmont, MA, allowed an employee to regularly take 8 backup tapes home. When the employee was terminated in May 2015, McLean Hospital was only able to recover four of the backup tapes. The backup tapes were unencrypted and contained the PHI of approximately 1,500 patients, employees, and deceased donors of the Harvard Brain Tissue Resource Center.
The lost backup tapes included clinical and demographic information such as names, Social Security numbers, medical diagnoses, and family histories. In addition to the exposure of PHI, the state AG’s investigation revealed there had been employee training failures and McLean Hospital had not identified, assessed, and planned for security risks. The loss of the tapes was also not reported in a timely manner and the hospital had failed to encrypt PHI stored on portable devices or use an alternative, equivalent measure to safeguard PHI.
“Hospitals must take measures to protect the private information of their patients,” said AG Maura Healey. “This settlement requires McLean Hospital to implement a new information security program and train its staff on how to properly handle the private information of those they serve.”
Backups of sensitive data should be made regularly to ensure that, in the event of disaster, patients’ PHI can be recovered. If physical copies of PHI are backed up and taken offsite by employees, appropriate security controls should be put in place to prevent those individuals from accessing the data and to ensure that in the event of loss or theft of devices, PHI will not be exposed. While HIPAA falls short of demanding the use of encryption for PHI, if the decision is taken not to encrypt PHI, an alternative safeguard must be implemented that offers an equivalent level of protection.
In addition to the financial penalty, McLean Hospital has agreed to enhance its privacy and security practices. A written information security program will be implemented and maintained, training will be provided to new and existing employees on privacy and security of personal health information, an inventory will be created and maintained of all portable devices containing ePHI, and all electronic PHI will be encrypted within 60 days.
McLean has also agreed to a third-party audit of the Harvard Brain Tissue Resource Center to assess how it handles portable devices containing personal and health information.
“McLean has continued to enhance its privacy and security practices and procedures within the Brain Bank and throughout the research operation. The agreement with the Attorney General represents a continuation of those efforts,” explained McLean Hospital in statement issued to the media.
This is the second HIPAA violation penalty to be issued by Massachusetts in 2018. UMass Memorial Medical Group / UMass Memorial Medical Center settled a HIPAA violation case with Massachusetts for $230,000 in September. The fine related to the failure to secure the ePHI of 15,000 state residents.